Gingivitis and periodontitis

Gingivitis and periodontitis, the two main types of gum disease, are very common conditions. Gingivitis, which causes irritation, redness and swelling of the gums, can usually be treated quite easily. Another telltale symptom of gingivitis is bleeding when brushing or flossing. The most frequent causes of gingivitis are poor oral hygiene and open-mouth breathing. While gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, it should be treated promptly in order to prevent its progression into periodontitis, a much more serious condition.

Peridontitis is caused by the presence of specific types of bacteria that develop below the gum line, progressively destroying the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth. When caught early, periodontitis can be treated quickly and effectively. However, when left to develop into advanced stages, the treatment becomes more complex and could lead to tooth loss or forced extractions.

The condition of your gums is closely tied to your overall dental health. Regular visits to the dentist are the best way to monitor changes and treat minor conditions before they can develop into major problems. Feel free to speak with the dental hygienists at Repentigny Dental Center for more information on preventing gum disease.